According to the principles of IWRM (Integrated Water Resources Management) the general public and stakeholders should be involved in the planning and decision making process. Hydrometeorological services play a part in this because they are the source of information on water availability and forecasts on water quantity and quality, as well as the source of meteorological data.
|Hydrometeorological monitoring in mountains|
The result of studies carried under various projects related to the accessibility and reliability of meteorological and hydrological data, demonstrated that the former Soviet Union monitoring system had largely degraded and did not meet requirements. Despite the large efforts mainly undertaken by international aid agencies to maintain the capacity of the National Hydromet Services, they are still in a deep systemic crisis.
The hydromet system which functioned in the former Soviet Union has largely degraded and does not meet customers’ requirements. Observation stations at remote mountain watershed areas of Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, and the monitoring of meteorological and hydrological parameters, are of particular concern.
The main cause of the degradation of the system is a lack of funding and a lack of capacity of the National Hydromet Services staff.
Studies of information exchange related to water use undertaken by the Water Environmental Management Project (World Bank) and the Natural Resources Management Project (USAID) have demonstrated that there is an urgent need to strengthen regional cooperation by improving the system of the water resources monitoring, information exchange and the harmonization of measurement methods.
It is essential to both modernize the observation network of the National Hydromet Services and to train its personnel. It is important to replace outdated equipment. In addition, the traditional old style of training is not able to meet new challenges and new training methodologies need to be introduced.
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